An acronym for the Common European Framework of Reference for languages. The CEFR provides a sophisticated, multidimensional model of language use, dividing real life communicative activities into four modes of communication (reception, production, interaction, and mediation), plus general competences (e.g. referential, intercultural) and communicative language competences (linguistic, sociolinguistic, pragmatic). The CEFR defines six expandable reference levels: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2 through ‘Can Do descriptors.’ There are descriptors for some 80 scales for different activities and competences, plus summary scales. The descriptor scales are intended to be used to profile language user/learners ability across different types of activities and competences. Simplified CEFR descriptors for six levels are provided in checklists in the different versions of the European Language Portfolio.